Although the transport industry (road, rail, air, marine) is massive, it is still developing rapidly in South Africa in accordance with the country’s National Development Plan. The transport industry caters for both commercial and passenger vehicles. Despite recognition of transport infrastructure being a threat to biodiversity, such infrastructure developments are required for economic growth. Current developments are conducted with little or no thought given to protecting biodiversity. Wildlife mortality resulting from vehicle collisions has been recognised as a threat to wildlife, although the extent is unknown.